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Analysis and evaluation of interventions

Competitiveness studies

We conduct studies that contribute to the development of policy measures aimed at improving the business climate of specific sectors, as a means to promote the country’s competitiveness. To that end, we identify the factors that affect the competitiveness of the economic sectors under study, such as the institutional framework, the market environment, restrictions on market efficiency, and the degree of innovation.​

Experiences

Development of a 10-year agenda for Peru’s private sector in relation to infrastructure and agribusiness

The study developed the private sector’s agenda regarding investments in the infrastructure and agribusiness sectors. We developed strategies to achieve expansion within those sectors, as well as indexes allowing measurement of progress, baseline values, as well as short and medium-term goals for each sector. Likewise, we measured the impact of achieving those goals on GDP (national and sector-specific) for the next 10 years. Finally, the businessmen that could potentially lead those changes and undertakings in each sector were identified. The work was presented before 2013’s Annual Executives Conference (CADE, by its acronym in Spanish).

Study of Peru’s water supply and sanitation sector’s impact on business competitiveness

Applied Economics was engaged by the World Banks’ Water and Sanitation Program to estimate the impact of improving coverage and quality of water supply and sanitation services, through indicators related to business competitiveness. To this end, primary information was collected through surveys of a sample of small, medium, and large companies operating in the tourism, construction, and food & beverages industries in Cusco, Arequipa, and Lima. The impact assessment was carried out based on business competitiveness indicators, such as profits, sales, costs, labor productivity, investment in research & development, among others.

Aerial Logistics Competitiveness

The main purpose of the study was to analyze the importance of the services rendered by airport logistic operators for the improvement of Peru’s competitiveness indicators. To this effect, we calculated the evolution of indicators measuring the performance of the airport logistics services industry, analyzed the relationship between these indicators and the country’s competitiveness, and proposed measures to improve the industry’s performance and thus promote Peru’s competitiveness. 

Competitiveness of Peru’s mining sector

The purpose of the study was to analyze the factors that impact Peru’s mining sector’s competitiveness and to determine the actions towards mitigating those factors that restrict the sector’s competitiveness. For this purpose, APOYO Consultoria interviewed 200 individuals linked to Peru’s mining sector. As a result of the study, we recommended several measures to eliminate bottlenecks within this industry.

Development of the medium-term competitiveness agenda for the country (2014-2018)

Applied Economics was engaged by the Ministry of Economy and Finance through the National Council of Competitiveness to put together a document that served as the basis of the Competitiveness Agenda for 2014-2018: Towards the Bicentennial. This document contains specific policy recommendations on multiple topics including science, technology and innovation, infrastructure, internationalization, labor market, health, education, facilitating business, production and business development, and energy. Based on the logical framework methodology, the study required an in-depth analysis of each industry’s problems and the design of a proposal with quantifiable goals to be attained by 2018.

Track record

Analysis of the factors of production and level of agricultural productivity in Guatemala

The study was included in the Inter-American Development Bank’s (IDB) publication "Reflections on the development of the rural economy of Guatemala". APOYO Consultoria analyzed the factors affecting the performance of the agriculture sector in Guatemala, and identified its challenges and opportunities as a driver for development in that country’s rural economy. One of APOYO Consultoria’s key findings was that agriculture was actually not contributing to the development of the rural population in Guatemala, as the productivity of farmers with limited resources and low retail market integration fell by 4.1% annually between 2006 and 2011.

Business informality in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC)

The characteristics and signs of business informality vary considerably among countries and types of businesses. This study analyzes informality in LAC according to firm size, in order to provide guidelines on the differentiated effects of the major reforms recently implemented in the region. The study demonstrates that the intensity and types of informality are conditional on firm size: most of the signs of informality are present in smaller firms due to their lack of access to the formal economy. Based on those results, the study provides policy recommendations to strengthen the business climate of each country through mechanisms that promote informal businesses’ relocation to the formal economy.

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