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Analysis and evaluation of interventions

Impact assessments

We apply advanced techniques to estimate the socioeconomic impacts of specific public policies, social programs, and investment projects, based on microeconomic and macroeconomic indicators. To accomplish this, we apply experimental and quasi-experimental approaches to adequately attribute the intervention's impacts on the target population's quality of life. In addition, we use qualitative techniques (e.g. interviews, focus groups) and advanced quantitative methods (e.g. propensity score matching, differences-in-differences, and the economic multipliers methodology). Simultaneously, we analyze the population's perception of the project or policy.


Qualitative evaluation of the Pension 65 program

As requested by the Ministry of Development and Social Inclusion, we developed a qualitative evaluation of the Pension 65 program, in which public officers pertaining to the program at central and local levels, as well as eight beneficiary rural villages and their families, participated. Through in-depth interviews and workshops, we successfully gathered information regarding the main changes experienced by the beneficiaries in terms of living standards since they started receiving the grant, as well as the problems faced by the program and the beneficiaries, to grant and receive the pension, respectively. With the analysis, it was possible to conclude that the main effects of the program are related to improvements in nutrition, greater access to medicine, and improvement of household conditions. Among the main problems identified, we found the difficulty in collecting pensions due to logistic restrictions and deficiencies in the program’s targeting mechanisms.

Impact assessment of the Real Property Rights Consolidation Project

In 2012, APOYO Consultoria was engaged by the Organism for the Official Registration of Informal Property (Cofopri, in Spanish) to carry out a quasi-experimental impact assessment of the Real Property Rights Consolidation Project (PCDPI, for its acronym in Spanish) on three of its components: (i) provision of decentralized formalization and land registry services; (ii) provision of registry services; and (iii) information about the benefits of registering real-estate through educational campaigns. For this purpose, we surveyed 3,697 households, 4,742 students on their last two school years, and carried out 4 focus groups targeted on micro-entrepreneurs, and 30 in-depth interviews to key actors. The results indicate that, despite the fact that PCDPI contributed to the consolidation of the property rights system through increasing legal certainty, there are mixed results in terms of its impact over the welfare generated by the economic use of real estate. Furthermore, on average, there is a moderate level of knowledge regarding the procedures to be followed to register secondary acts and the benefits of registering real estate to access formal financing sources.

Economic impact of the earthquake of 2007 in water supply and sanitation in southern Peru

As requested by the World Bank's Water and Sanitation Program, the impact of the 2007 earthquake on Water Supply and Sanitation Companies (EPS, for its acronym in Spanish), the macroeconomic environment, population and companies was estimated. It was found out that the earthquake generated damages for S/.84 BN in the water and sanitation systems of southern Lima, amount equivalent to the installation of over 8,183 drinking water connections and 7,925 sewage connections in benefit of 160,888 habitants.

Impact of mobile phones in rural areas                                                                             

As per Telefonica Moviles’ request, APOYO Consultoria estimated the impact of mobile phones on the population’s well-being, and specifically, that of rural groups. To accomplish this, we carried out a quantitative analysis with secondary information on a national level and developed an econometric model with panel data. Interviews and focus groups were held to determine the impact of introducing mobile telephone services on different productive chains and on the supply of social services in rural areas. The findings revealed a positive and significant impact between higher penetration levels of mobile telephone services and household income and expenses. However, rural zones evidence differentiated effects based on the users’ profile as not all of them can benefit equally from telecommunications. In particular, users dedicated to crops with high market potential and with access to productive chains - such as cotton or coffee- benefit the most from the service. 

Assessment of the economic, social, and environmental impacts of climate change mitigation measures in Peru

APOYO Consultoria analyzed and carried out an impact evaluation of different scenarios regarding the mitigation of greenhouse effects for the 2021-2050 period, as a part of the Climate Change Plan promoted by several Peruvian public institutions. Using a general equilibrium model, we simulated the impact of the different mitigation scenarios on several economic and social indicators that reflect the population’s well-being.

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